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Your electric scooter’s tyres are a critical component of your scooter’s makeup.
Therefore, it goes without saying that proper care and maintenance of your scooter tyres is essential to keep your electric scooter in tip-top shape, ensuring your scooter lasts the lifetime it was intended to.
Admittedly, changing your scooters tyre’s does require a certain level of expertise.
So, if you’re a little uncertain on the way forward, we’ll show you how to make changing scooter tyres a more straightforward affair.
It may be worth mentioning, though, that the method of changing tyres on electric scooters can vary slightly according to the electric scooter model.
However, overall, the basics of changing tyres or fixing punctures on e scooters remain pretty much the same.
As far as changing the tyres on your electric scooter goes, you’ll need a few essential tools to help make the process a bit easier.
But don’t worry; you’ll probably find that you have most of these in your toolbox already. And if you’re fortunate (depending on the scooter model), you might find that your scooter will come with some of these basic tools on arrival:
• A small screwdriver set
• A spanner set
• Wrench or Allen key set
• A rotary tool
• A picking tool (for trims)
• Tyre levers
• A pump to inflate the tyre
• An inner tube (if the tyre is pneumatic) to replace it if damaged
Removing The Rear Tyre
Removing the tyre from your electric scooter is probably the most challenging part of the entire process.
However, it has to be done, and it must be done correctly to ensure that you can get to the tyre to repair or replace it.
Getting it in the proper position
First things first, depending on whether you are changing the front wheel or the rear wheel of your scooter, you’ll need to position the scooter correctly on an appropriate work surface.
Lay the scooter down on one side (the brake disc side) on a smooth surface (to prevent your electric scooter from being scuffed in the process) if you change the rear tyre. This will ensure that you can work freely when dismantling the tyre from the scooter frame.
Unloosen the wheel nuts
Then, using a wrench or Allen key (depending on the scooter model) works at unloosening the wheel nuts one by one.
After loosening all the applicable nuts, including the brake adjuster bolt, drum brake retention pin, and the front axle nuts (if these are present), remove the axle bolt and the brake lever spring (to disconnect the front brakes).
But be sure to put all the loose ends in a safe place though to avoid misplacing them. This will undoubtedly make the job easier when reassembling the tyre to the scooter.
Removing and deflating the tyre
After dislodging the wheel and removing it from the rear wheel, it’s time to get to work on the tyre itself:
• If you are merely replacing the tyre without it being punctured, you would first need to completely release all the air within the tyre by removing the valve nut (if there is one). Or in the case of a valve core, release the tyre pressure by applying pressure to the valve pin.
• Once the tyre has deflated enough, take the tyre levers and remove the outer tyre bit by bit. Continue to prod the tyre bead away from the rim with a tyre lever until it is completely free.
• Next, you’ll have to remove the inner tube within the tyre, which is pretty simple to do. Inner tubes that have been damaged due to punctures will need replacing.
• Then, the next step is to connect the pump to the air valve stem of the new inner tube and inflate away! Stop when the tube has enough air to fill the tube.
Fitting the tyre back onto the wheel
Next, reinsert the tube back into the outer casing of the tyre.
And then, you can begin fixing the tyre bead into the wheel while taking care to align the valve of the inner tube in the correct placement spot on the wheel. Once done, make sure the tyre is fitted evenly within the rim of the wheel.
Reinflating the tyre
Onto the next step – and we’re almost there! Just to recap, and in case you missed anything, the inner tube should be sitting snuggly within the tyre, which then should fit comfortably in the wheel.
Next, you’ll have to use the pump again to reinflate the tube even further until the tyre is nice and firm (not forgetting to check the supplier manual to confirm the tyre pressure you should be using).
Also, don’t forget to put the valve cap back on, or else you’ll end up right back at square one!
Take note of the tyre’s tread pattern to the wheel, and ensure that the tread pattern is pointing in the right direction (as indicated on the side of the wheel).
Putting the wheel back on
Put the drum brake back into the wheel together with the drum brake barrel.
Now take the tyre and place it back in position within the wheel lip of the scooter, taking care to put the brake cable back into position. Place the brake spring back over the cable as well.
• Then reinsert this back into the brake barrel. Next, slide the all-important axle back into place (remember to put the washer first, though, between the work and the tyre). Refit the spring washer and brake retention bolt afterwards.
• From this point on, you need to refit all the bolts back into their places, including the necessary brake adjuster screw, to ensure your brakes don’t come undone.
Removing the front tyre
Getting it into the right position
As with the rear wheel, lay the scooter down on its side, cable side up. Again, if your electric scooter has a unique trim, be sure to pick this off correctly with a picking tool as a starting point.
Detach the outer casing
Be sure to remove the whole trim and not just the trim sticker. Next, remove the bolt of the outer casing (if there is one) that covers the axle.
Deflate the tyre and undo the wheel nuts
To remove the tyre from the front wheel, one of the first things you’ll have to do is deflate the front tyre by removing the valve’s cap and letting out the air. In many cases, your electric scooter will have a plastic fork trim which will have to be released as well before you can begin to dislocate the tyre from the wheel.
Unscrew the wheel nut beneath the plastic fork trim and move it up and through the cable grommet. You may also be able to wiggle the cable grommet slightly to make it a little looser, giving you more wiggle room to make changing the front tyre easier.
Next, turn the scooter over and do the same to the other side, removing all the trim and plastic fork trim as well as the wheel nut beneath it.
Replacing the inner tube
Once you have removed the wheel from the fork, the same process needs to be followed regarding using a tyre lever to remove the inner tube from the outer casing of the tyre. Replace the new tube onto the front wheel, ensuring the valve stem is in the correct place.
Fit the tyre back onto the front wheel
Then get to work on fitting the new tyre over the tube again, ensuring that the tread is facing in the right direction. A good tip would be to ensure that the tyre is warm (not cold) before squeezing the tyre into an elongated shape. This will make it easier to fit the tyre into the wheel lip without too much difficulty.
Again, using tyre levers to fit the tyre back over the motor wheel will help a great deal to get the tyre to sit snugly and evenly within the tyre rim of your e scooter.
Make sure they are firmly screwed in all the way. However, it is not advisable to use a rotary tool to tighten it firmly in place, as you risk tightening them too much.
Lastly, inflate the inner tube, taking care to close the valve stem with the valve cap.
Prevention is better than cure
When a puncture occurs, it is natural to expedite the process and get the tube fixed or replaced as quickly as possible. However, it may actually be better in this situation to take your time and assess both the tube AND the tyre for damage, so you’ll know better for next time.
Inflate the tube and inspect
Once you have removed the tube from the tyre, inflate the tube fully to inspect for any leaks. Listen or feel for any air escaping, and mark next to the spot for reference when repairing the puncture.
Check the puncture marks
Check the type of puncture marks to determine what caused the puncture in the first place to replace or repair the tyre or tube:
• If the puncture hole is singular and small, it was likely caused by a thorn or nail, which may be easier to repair.
• Slits in the tyre or tube can indicate a pinch puncture. This may need replacing depending on the damage caused to the tyres. Take note to ensure that the tyre bead is fitted correctly within the wheel lip in the future. Alternatively, you may need to use wider tyres.
• Large holes or long cuts or shreds are most likely to indicate a tyre blowout, with it usually being irreparable as a result.
• There may also be an issue with the valve core, ensuring that the valve is functioning correctly and that the tube is fitted accurately to align with the valve so that the air pressure within the scooter tyre is not compromised in any way.
The same goes for the tyre
Check the tyre (including the tyre bead) for apparent damage. Look on the outside of the tyre for any protruding objects.
Also, inspect any holes or slits for sharp objects that may still be stuck inside. After you are confident that the tyre is clear of any dangerous objects, wipe clean with a cloth and do a final inspection by feeling carefully inside to make sure the tyre is safe for use.
And, you are ready to go
Once you’ve mastered the task of changing your tyres on your electric scooter, you’ll find the process of changing tyres becomes more accessible and more manageable when you replace the next flat tyre and the one after that. Our e-scooter tyre guide may be worth a read too!
It turns out that a job that at first appears difficult can become simpler to do with practice and the proper know-how, after all!